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Interesting facts about Wilpattu National Park

Leopard at Yala National park
  • Oldest National Park: Wilpattu is the oldest and one of the largest national parks in Sri Lanka, established in 1938.
  • Geographical Significance: The park is located on the northwest coast of Sri Lanka, spanning the border between the North Central Province and the North Western Province.
  • Lakes (Villus): Wilpattu is known for its natural lakes, called “villus.” These shallow lakes dot the landscape and are an essential water source for the park’s wildlife.
  • Leopard Population: Wilpattu is renowned for its leopard population. The park’s landscape, with its dense vegetation and large water bodies, provides an ideal habitat for leopards.
  • Birdlife: The park is a haven for birdwatchers, boasting a diverse array of bird species. Over 200 bird species have been recorded in Wilpattu, including endemic and migratory birds.
  • Vegetation Diversity: The park features a mix of ecosystems, including dense scrub jungles, open grasslands, and towering trees. The variety of vegetation contributes to the park’s rich biodiversity.
  • Historical and Cultural Sites: In addition to its natural wonders, Wilpattu has archaeological significance. The park contains ancient ruins, including old temples and the Kudiramalai point, which is believed to have served as a seaport in ancient times.
  • Size and Landscape: Wilpattu National Park covers an area of approximately 1,317 square kilometers, making it the largest national park in Sri Lanka. The landscape includes sand dunes, natural lakes, and dense forests.
  • Mammal Diversity: In addition to leopards, Wilpattu is home to various other mammal species such as elephants, sloth bears, spotted deer, water buffaloes, and sambar deer.
  • Conservation Challenges: Like many wildlife reserves, Wilpattu faces conservation challenges, including habitat degradation, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict. Conservation efforts are ongoing to address these issues and preserve the park’s natural beauty.

Before visiting Wilpattu National Park, it’s advisable to check for any updates on park regulations, entry fees, and other relevant information to ensure a responsible and enjoyable safari experience. 

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